Alexander Creek Motor Access Management Area

Regulation Number: 
2020-04-27
Status: 
Decided
Region: 
Region 4 - Kootenay
MU: 
4-23
Regulation Type: 
Motor Vehicle Restrictions
Species: 
All
Closing Date: 
January 19, 2020 at midnight
Decision Statement: 

This regulation was approved as proposed and is included in the 2020-2022 Hunting and Trapping Regulations Synopsis.

Current Regulations: 

Motor Vehicle Prohibited Area:

Alexander Creek

42  Effective year round, in that portion of M.U. 4-23 outlined in red on the attached Map No. 1-42/16, except that

(a) at all times, motor vehicles are permitted on roads shown highlighted in green on that map,

(b) between June 16 and March 31, motor vehicles are permitted on roads indicated in dashed black lines on that map,

(c) between December 1 and August 31, motor vehicles are permitted on roads indicated in dashed purple lines on that map, and

(d) between September 1 and November 30, all terrain vehicles are permitted on roads indicated in dashed green lines on that map.

Proposed Regulations: 
  • House keeping: Remove yellow year-round closed roads from map as they are redundant
  • Amend and close the short 1.7 km of seasonally open road linking from the south end of Summit Lake to the Crowsnest Provincial Park as this seasonal opening is inconsistent with Alberta access legislation which is closed to motor vehicles along with encouraging motorized use to trespass into Crowsnest Provincial Park where motorized access is prohibited under the Park Act
  • Amend and close Deadman’s year-round open green road back at a strategic location west of the Alberta border to support transboundary legislative changes and damage to the values on the BC side [coordinates: 49°42’17.32”N 114°39’42.73”W]
  • Amend and close seasonal Racehorse Pass road at specified creek crossing location west of Alberta border to eliminate unregulated and unsustainable ORV use which will enhance habitat and enforceability  coordinates: 49°46’31.58”N 114°40’3.70”W
  • Amend and close Delma’s Basin seasonal open road at [coordinates: 49°46’59.18”N 114°41’39.98”W]
  • Amend and close Butchers Basin seasonally open road to provide public use opportunity to a location that has lower wildlife and habitat impacts and is a landmark that enhances on the ground compliance [coordinates: 49°47’42.81”N 114°40’44.05”W]
  • Amend and close Mudhole seasonally open road [coordinates: 49°48’22.66”N 114°41’39.57’W]
  • Amend and close Goat Basin seasonally open road to provide public use opportunity to a location that will cause lesser disturbance to wildlife [coordinates: 49°49’7.61”N 114°40’16.65”W]
  • Amend and close Charlies Basin seasonally open road to provide public use opportunity to a location that has lower wildlife and habitat impacts and is a landmark that enhances on the ground compliance [coordinates: 49°49’46.03”N 114°W41’36.96”W]
  • Amend and close Sheep Basin seasonally open road to provide public use opportunity to a location that has lower wildlife and habitat impacts and is a landmark that enhances on the ground compliance [coordinates: 49°50’42.32”N 114°41’0.54”W]
  • Amend and close West Fork [coordinates: 49°47’7.04”N 114°44’21.38”W]

See map here.

Rationale: 

The proposed regulation changes are intended to (1) amend road closures for consistent regulations and legislation and (2) establish seasonal road closures for the benefit of wildlife.

The original rationale for the development of this AMA considered the positive impacts of restricted motorized use for the benefit of elk, moose and mule deer. Habitat capability modelling also shows that this AMA has the potential to support grizzly bear, mountain goat and bighorn sheep ranges. Additional considerations include Westslope cutthroat trout and bull trout habitat which benefit from motor vehicle restrictions by reducing sedimentation into breeding habitat, and reduced risk of riparian habitat degradation.

Additional Information: 

A subset of literature that supports the benefits of motor vehicle restrictions for wildlife is provided below:

Beazley, K. F., Snaith, T. V., Mackinnon, F., & David, C. 2004. Road density and the potential impact on wildlife species such as American Moose in mainland Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. [https://ojs.library.dal.ca/nsis/article/view/NSIS42-2beazleysnaithmackinnoncolville]

Hayden, J. G., Ardt, G., Fleming, M., Keegan, T. W., Peek, J., Smith, T. O., & Wood, A. (2008). Habitat guidelines for mule deer: Northern forest ecoregion. Mule Deer Working Group, Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. USA. [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281753932_Habitat_Guidelines_for_Mule_Deer_Northern_Forest_Ecoregion]

Forman, R. T., Friedman, D. S., Fitzhenry, D., Martin, J. D., Chen, A. S., & Alexander, L. E. 1997. Ecological effects of roads: toward three summary indices and an overview for North America. See Ref, 21, 40-54.

Mountain Goat Management Team. 2010. Management Plan for the Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) in British Columbia. Prepared for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 87pp. [http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/recovery/management_plans/MtGoat_MP_Final_28May2010.pdf]

Proctor, M. F., B. N. McLellan, G. B. Stenhouse, G. Mowat, C. T. Lamb & M. A. Boyce. (2018). Resource Roads and Grizzly Bears in British Columbia and Alberta. Canadian Grizzly Bear Management Series, Resource Road Management. Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project. Kaslo, BC, Canada. http://transbordergrizzlybearproject.ca/research/publications.html

Rowland, M. M., Wisdom, M. J., Johnson, B. K., & Penninger, M. A. 2004. Effects of roads on elk: implications for management in forested ecosystems. In: Transactions of the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 491-508. [https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/24797]

Trombulak, S. C. & C. A. Frissell. (2000). Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology 14(1), 18-30. [https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x]