Holt Creek Motor Vehicle Prohibition

Regulation Number: 
Region 4 - Kootenay
Regulation Type: 
Motor Vehicle Restrictions
Closing Date: 
January 19, 2020 at midnight
Decision Statement: 

This regulation was approved as proposed and is included in the 2020-2022 Hunting and Trapping Regulations Synopsis.

Current Regulations: 

Motor Vehicle Prohibited Area:

Holt Creek

81  Effective year round in that portion of M.U. 4-34 outlined in red on the attached Map No. 1-75/12 (except for the area indicated by cross hatching and designated as open to snowmobiles from November 30 to April 1 on the attached Map No. 1-75/12).

Proposed Regulations: 

Remove seasonally open motorized area boundary within the Holt Creek boundary area and the seasonally open roads for snowmobile use only so that the entire regulation area is all non motorized to align with the Golden Backcountry Recreation Access Plan, see map here.


The proposed regulation changes are intended to remove seasonally open area and roads within AMA to align with local recreation access plan.

Habitat capability mapping shows that this area contains high value mountain goat and grizzly bear habitat. Snowmobiles are capable of covering a large amount of ground over great distances, and therefore the effects of snowmobile-related disturbances are far-reaching. Mountain goat populations have declined in response to human disturbance through habitat abandonment and increased stress. Grizzly bears are most susceptible to snowmobile disturbance in mid to late spring when females with cubs emerge from dens and have limited mobility. An additional consideration includes Westslope cutthroat trout habitat, which benefit from motor vehicle restrictions by way of reduced sedimentation into breeding habitat, and reduced risk of riparian habitat degradation.

Additional Information: 

A subset of literature that supports the benefits of motor vehicle restrictions for mountain goats, grizzly bears and other wildlife species is provided below:

Dood, A. R., Brannon, R. D., & Mace, R. D. 1986. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement: The Grizzly Bear in Northwestern Montana, Summary. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks.

Forman, R. T., Friedman, D. S., Fitzhenry, D., Martin, J. D., Chen, A. S., & Alexander, L. E. 1997. Ecological effects of roads: toward three summary indices and an overview for North America. See Ref, 21, 40-54.

Mountain Goat Management Team. 2010. Management Plan for the Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) in British Columbia. Prepared for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 87pp. [http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/recovery/management_plans/MtGoat_MP_Final_28May2010.pdf]

Proctor, M. F., B. N. McLellan, G. B. Stenhouse, G. Mowat, C. T. Lamb & M. A. Boyce. (2018). Resource Roads and Grizzly Bears in British Columbia and Alberta. Canadian Grizzly Bear Management Series, Resource Road Management. Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project. Kaslo, BC, Canada. http://transbordergrizzlybearproject.ca/research/publications.html

Trombulak, S. C. & C. A. Frissell. (2000). Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology 14(1), 18-30. [https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x]