Revise Mountain Goat LEH Season Date

Regulation Number: 
2020-03-03
Status: 
Decided
Region: 
Region 3 - Thompson
MU: 
3-15
3-16
3-32
3-33
3-35
3-36
3-42
3-46
Regulation Type: 
Limited Entry Hunting
Species: 
Mountain Goat
Closing Date: 
January 19, 2020 at midnight
Decision Statement: 

This regulation was approved as proposed and is included in the 2020-2022 Hunting and Trapping Regulations Synopsis.

Current Regulations: 

Limited Entry Hunting seasons for Mountain Goat in the Thompson Region (Region 3) are September 1 to October 31.

Proposed Regulations: 

Extend the Limited Entry Hunting seasons for Mountain Goat in the Thompson Region (Region 3) to September 1 to November 30.

Rationale: 

The number of Limited Entry Hunting  (LEH) authorizations available for most species includes a formula that incorporates success rates (i.e. success rate = number of animals harvested/number of authorizations issued). Lower success rates can result in an increased number of available LEH authorizations in order to achieve harvest objectives, however, increasing the number of authorizations comes with an inherent risk of over harvest should success rates increase. Higher success rates provide biologists with a greater ability to predict the number of animals harvested.

Success rates for mountain goat in the Thompson Region are relatively low. In consideration of low harvest success rates and optimal LEH authorizations already issued for goats in the Thompson Region, the issuance of additional LEH authorizations to reach harvest objectives could result in over harvest, especially of females. Mountain goat harvests in Region 3 are well below 50% of the Annual Allowable Harvest and the actual three-year harvest rate is 1- 2%.  Therefore, to improve harvest success without compromising population objectives, Ministry biologist’s are proposing to lengthen the mountain goat season.

This season change would also enable hunting to occur during the breeding season (rut), which coincides with animals of both sexes grouping up. This would provide hunters an opportunity to compare female mountain goats (nannies) and male mountain goats (billies) in the same group and potentially reducing the frequency of female goats being harvested. For more information on the importance of harvesting a billy instead of a nanny refer to the Management Plan for the Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus)  in British Columbia.

This proposal will harmonize mountain goat season lengths with Region 4 and Region 8.

Additional Information: 

Mountain goat aerial surveys continue to occur on a rotating basis every 3-5 years to ensure appropriate harvest rates and population estimates are applied to minimize risk to goat populations.  As per the Provincial Mountain Goat Harvest Procedure, biologists will continue to monitor mountain goat harvests to ensure the long-term viability of mountain goat populations.