Sheep Mountain Motor Vehicle Prohibition

Regulation Number: 
2020-04-26
Status: 
Decided
Region: 
Region 4 - Kootenay
MU: 
4-22
Regulation Type: 
Motor Vehicle Restrictions
Species: 
All
Closing Date: 
January 19, 2020 at midnight
Decision Statement: 

This regulation was approved as proposed and is included in the 2020-2022 Hunting and Trapping Regulations Synopsis.

Current Regulations: 

Motor Vehicle Prohibition:

Sheep Mountain

12  Effective year round, in that portion of M.U. 4-22 outlined in red on the attached Map No. 1-12 (except the roads shown highlighted in green on that map).

Proposed Regulations: 

Amend and open 50 m of road to turn around location [coordinates: 49°14’30.82N 115°7’55.83W]

Amend and open road into the transfer station

Amend and open 600 m of road to the gas line along with road into new gravel pit on north side of Canfor haul road

Amend to open area defined by polygon around motorized race track

See map here.

Rationale: 

The proposed regulation changes are intended to (1) open a section of road to facilitate a safe turn around point, (2) open roads to provide access to transfer station and gas line and (3) open area within boundary for local motorized recreation.

The original rationale for development of this AMA considered the positive impacts of restricted motorized use for the benefit of bighorn sheep, elk and mule deer. Habitat capability mapping shows that this AMA also contains suitable habitat for moose and grizzly bear. The presence of motor vehicles within the habitat ranges for these species has been reported to lead to a loss of suitable, effective habitat which can have effects on reproduction and survival. Additional considerations include Lewis’s woodpecker and Long-billed curlew, as Wildlife Habitat Areas (WHA) exists within the AMA for these species.

Additional Information: 

A subset of literature that supports the benefits of motor vehicle restrictions for wildlife is provided below:

Beazley, K. F., Snaith, T. V., Mackinnon, F., & David, C. 2004. Road density and the potential impact on wildlife species such as American Moose in mainland Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. [https://ojs.library.dal.ca/nsis/article/view/NSIS42-2beazleysnaithmackinnoncolville]

Hayden, J. G., Ardt, G., Fleming, M., Keegan, T. W., Peek, J., Smith, T. O., & Wood, A. (2008). Habitat guidelines for mule deer: Northern forest ecoregion. Mule Deer Working Group, Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. USA. [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281753932_Habitat_Guidelines_for_Mule_Deer_Northern_Forest_Ecoregion]

Forman, R. T., Friedman, D. S., Fitzhenry, D., Martin, J. D., Chen, A. S., & Alexander, L. E. 1997. Ecological effects of roads: toward three summary indices and an overview for North America. See Ref, 21, 40-54.

Proctor, M. F., B. N. McLellan, G. B. Stenhouse, G. Mowat, C. T. Lamb & M. A. Boyce. (2018). Resource Roads and Grizzly Bears in British Columbia and Alberta. Canadian Grizzly Bear Management Series, Resource Road Management. Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project. Kaslo, BC, Canada. http://transbordergrizzlybearproject.ca/research/publications.html

Rowland, M. M., Wisdom, M. J., Johnson, B. K., & Penninger, M. A. 2004. Effects of roads on elk: implications for management in forested ecosystems. In: Transactions of the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 491-508. [https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/24797]

Environment Canada. 2014. Management Plan for the Lewis’s Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Management Plan Series. Environment Canada, Ottawa. iii + 23 pp [https://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/plans/mp_lewis%27s_woodpecker_e_final.pdf]

Environment Canada. 2012. Management Plan for the Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus) in Canada [Proposed]. Species at Risk Act Management Plan Series. Environment Canada, Ottawa. iii + 24 pp. [https://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/plans/mp_long_billed_curlew_e.pdf]