Upper Flathead Motor Vehicle Prohibition

Regulation Number: 
Region 4 - Kootenay
Regulation Type: 
Motor Vehicle Restrictions
Closing Date: 
January 19, 2020 at midnight
Decision Statement: 

This regulation was approved as proposed and is included in the 2020-2022 Hunting and Trapping Regulations Synopsis.

Current Regulations: 

Motor Vehicle Prohibited Area:

Upper Flathead

72  Effective year round, in that portion of M.U. 4-1 outlined in red on the attached Map No. 1-72/08, except that

(a) at all times, motor vehicles are permitted on roads shown highlighted in green on that map, and

(b) snowmobiles are permitted between November 1 and May 31.

Proposed Regulations: 
  • Housekeeping: correct map to show only one year-round open road in the pipeline area and that road is to be the pipeline proper as there is only one road that exists
  • Open two small bypasses along the pipeline that motor vehicles are forced to use due to safety and steepness of open pipeline road and 3 sections of the pipeline that are not currently open
  • Amend closure boundary to align with McEvoy FSR as indicated on map
  • Amend road that travels to the up-hill side of the new Wranglers cabin to the pipeline to a year-round open road
  • Amend road travelling past the old Wranglers cabin and the bottom side of the new Wranglers cabin as seasonally open December 1 – March 31
  • Housekeeping: correct mapping to align year-round open road with McEvoy as it is currently incorrect
  • Move closure point of year-round open road at NE end of McEvoy road back to cabin location as stream has moved channels and you can no longer drive beyond without driving in the creek [coordinates: 49˚26’40.46” N; 114˚46’46.62” W]
  • Open 1km of road at existing Notch closure point to link to the Shoofly road in the Wigwam Flats Mt. Broadwood AMA that is currently open year-round as vehicles are forced to turn unsafely at the top of the ridge and road currently exists and is being used [coordinates: 49˚19’57.61” N; 114˚52’2.10” W]

See map here.


The proposed regulation changes are intended to (1) correct identified inaccuracies in road locations, (2) open bypass and connecting roads that are necessary for safe travel along year-round open roads, (3) establish seasonal road closures for the benefit of wildlife and habitat, while also considering winter access for multiple users, and (4) amend a closure access point to mitigate negative impacts to riparian habitat that supports Westslope cutthroat trout.

The original rationale for the development of this AMA considered the positive impacts of restricted motorized use for the benefit of grizzly bear, moose, elk, mule deer, and mountain goats. Additional considerations include Westslope cutthroat trout and bull trout habitat, which benefits from motor vehicle restrictions by way of reduced sedimentation into breeding habitat, and reduced risk of riparian habitat degradation.

Additional Information: 

Beazley, K. F., Snaith, T. V., Mackinnon, F., & David, C. 2004. Road density and the potential impact on wildlife species such as American Moose in mainland Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. [https://ojs.library.dal.ca/nsis/article/view/NSIS42-2beazleysnaithmackinnoncolville]

Hayden, J. G., Ardt, G., Fleming, M., Keegan, T. W., Peek, J., Smith, T. O., & Wood, A. (2008). Habitat guidelines for mule deer: Northern forest ecoregion. Mule Deer Working Group, Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. USA. [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281753932_Habitat_Guidelines_for_Mule_Deer_Northern_Forest_Ecoregion]

Forman, R. T., Friedman, D. S., Fitzhenry, D., Martin, J. D., Chen, A. S., & Alexander, L. E. 1997. Ecological effects of roads: toward three summary indices and an overview for North America. See Ref, 21, 40-54.

Mountain Goat Management Team. 2010. Management Plan for the Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) in British Columbia. Prepared for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C. 87pp. [http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/documents/recovery/management_plans/MtGoat_MP_Final_28May2010.pdf]

Proctor, M. F., B. N. McLellan, G. B. Stenhouse, G. Mowat, C. T. Lamb & M. A. Boyce. (2018). Resource Roads and Grizzly Bears in British Columbia and Alberta. Canadian Grizzly Bear Management Series, Resource Road Management. Trans-border Grizzly Bear Project. Kaslo, BC, Canada. http://transbordergrizzlybearproject.ca/research/publications.html

Rowland, M. M., Wisdom, M. J., Johnson, B. K., & Penninger, M. A. 2004. Effects of roads on elk: implications for management in forested ecosystems. In: Transactions of the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference: 491-508. [https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/24797]

Trombulak, S. C. & C. A. Frissell. (2000). Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology 14(1), 18-30. [https://conbio.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.99084.x]